Design & Technology
I made 5,127 prototypes of my vacuum before I got it right. There were 5,126 failures. But I learned from each one. That’s how I came up with a solution. So I don’t mind failure - James Dyson
At John Burns Primary School we design and create for a purpose.
We encourage children to use their creativity and imagination, to design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts, considering their own and others’ needs, wants and values. Design and technology is an inspiring, rigorous and practical subject. It can be found in many of the objects children use each day and is a part of children’s immediate experiences. The skills found embedded in the Design Technology curriculum are important for preparing children for life outside of school including repairing different objects and preparing and eating a healthy meal. Therefore we have identified what the skills and knowledge profile of a 'John Burns Chef, Tailor and Engineer' would be and mapped out the curriculum accordingly. We have made sure the curriculum is progressive, challenging and relevant to the children and provides them with a bespoke approach to their Design Technology learning.
The National Curriculum for design and technology aims to ensure that all pupils:
- Develop the creative, technical and practical expertise needed to perform everyday tasks confidently and to participate successfully in an increasingly technological world
- Build and apply a repertoire of knowledge, understanding and skills in order to design and make high-quality prototypes and products for a wide range of users
- Critique, evaluate and test their ideas and products and the work of others
- Understand and apply the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook.
- Design purposeful, functional, appealing products for themselves and other users based on design criteria
- Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through talking, drawing, templates, mock-ups and, where appropriate, information and communication technology.
- Select from and use a range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing]
- Select from and use a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their characteristics.
- Explore and evaluate a range of existing products
- Evaluate their ideas and products against design criteria.
Key Stage 2 (Years 3 - 6)
- Use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups
- Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design.
- Select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately
- Select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities.
- Investigate and analyse a range of existing products
- Evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work
- Understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world.
Cooking and NutritionAs part of their work with food, pupils should be taught how to cook and apply the principles of nutrition and healthy eating. Instilling a love of cooking in pupils will also open a door to one of the great expressions of human creativity. Learning how to cook is a crucial life skill that enables pupils to feed themselves and others affordably and well, now and in later life.
- Use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes
- Understand where food comes from.
Key Stage 2 (Years 3 - 6)
- Understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet
- Prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques
- Understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.
Each term children will complete a series of explicit skill or knowledge based lessons, these are either ‘explaining lessons’ where theory is taught or ‘doing lessons’ where the practical skill is practised and rehearsed. These knowledge and skills are then implemented into a series of lessons focussing on a 3Ps project in which children are expected to evaluate, design, create and review a product that they have designed which links to their current 3Ps topic.
The children move on to the next year group with a new set of skills on which to build, develop and rehearse.